Cadenas Globales de Valor: Una mirada crítica a una nueva forma de pensar el desarrollo

  • Juan Eduardo Santarcángelo Investigador del Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas y de la Universidad Nacional de Quilmes
  • Daniel Schteingart Becario post-doctoral del Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, UNSAM-UNQ
  • Fernando Porta Director del CIECTI y profesor de la Universidad Nacional de Quilmes

Resumen

Las Cadenas Globales de Valor (CGV) pueden ser entendidas como la secuencia de actividades que las firmas y los trabajadores realizan desde el diseño de un producto hasta su venta final. En las últimas cuatro décadas, tal secuencia se ha segmentado en diversos países, dando así lugar a nuevos patrones de estructuración geográfica de la producción. El propósito del presente trabajo es desarrollar el surgimiento y la evolución del marco teórico sobre las CGV desde mediados de los ‘80 hasta el presente, analizando críticamente algunos de sus postulados y, en particular, la aproximación específica que los organismos internacionales han hecho de este en los últimos años. Asimismo, se plantean cuáles son los nuevos desafíos que esta nueva geografía económica global impone a los países periféricos para alcanzar el desarrollo.

Abstract

Global Value Chains (GVCs) can be understood as the sequence of activities that firms and workers perform from product design to final sale. In the last four decades, this productive sequence has been segmented in different countries, thus creating different patterns of geographic structure of production. This paper analyzes how the GVC framework has emerged and evolved between mid ‘80s and the present analyzing critically some of its postulates and, in particular, the specific way in which international organizations have appropriated this concept in recent years and the new challenges that this new global economic order imposes on peripheral countries to achieve economic development.

Resumo

Cadeia Global de Valor (CGV) pode ser entendida como a sequência de atividades que as empresas e os trabalhadores realizam desde a concepção do produto para venda final. Nas últimas quatro décadas, tal sequência foi segmentado em vários países, dando assim origem a novos padrões de estrutura geográfica de produção. O objetivo deste trabalho é desenvolver o surgimento da evolução do quadro teórico sobre CGV desde meados dos anos ‘80 até o presente, analisando criticamente alguns de seus postulados e, em particular, a abordagem específica que as organizações internacionais têm feito isso nos últimos anos. Também eles levantaram quais são os novos desafios que esta nova geografia econômica global imposta aos países periféricos para alcançar o desenvolvimento.

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Publicado
2017-12-01
Como citar
SANTARCÁNGELO, Juan Eduardo; SCHTEINGART, Daniel; PORTA, Fernando. Cadenas Globales de Valor: Una mirada crítica a una nueva forma de pensar el desarrollo. Cuadernos de Economía Crítica, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 7, p. 99-129, dic. 2017. ISSN 2525-1538. Disponible en: <http://cec.sociedadeconomiacritica.org/index.php/cec/article/view/92>. Fecha de acceso: 23 jun. 2018